Kashmir Solidarity Day: What We Know about UN Resolutions over Kashmir Issue?

By Hina Haroon

Writer Hina Haroon is a student in Fecality of Media and Communication Studies (FMCS)    University of Central Punjab
Writer Hina Haroon is a student in Fecality of Media and Communication Studies (FMCS)  
University of Central Punjab

Kashmiris in Indian Occupied Kashmir are facing brutalities since 1948 with no resolve insight. Since August 2019, situation has become further serious when India abrogated its Constitution on August 5, 2019 and made disputed Jammu and Kashmir as a part of Union of India.

In this article, only brief history of UN resolutions would be included so readers can understand just stance of Pakistan against propaganda of Indian State about the status of Kashmir.

In aftermath of Indo-Pak brief war in 1948, India went to United Nations for Ceasefire and since then, Kashmir issue is unresolved.

After whole Kashmir officially joined newly formed state of Pakistan, the Government of India sent forces to Jammu & Kashmir on October 27, 1947, and occupied a large part of Jammu and Kashmir but failed to occupy whole Kashmir Valley as Kashmiri Muslims strongly fought against occupation.

Situation became out of control for India Kashmiris gave stiff response and India and Pakistan were engaged in war.

Sensing defeat in Valley, India went to United Nations, asking UNSC to play its role to stop war and a declaration was passed and dispute was referred to UN under chapter 6 of the U.N Charter relating to peaceful settlement of disputes.

Here is brief history of UN resolutions over Kashmir Issue since ceasefire demanded by the India:

  1. #38 (1948) adopted by the Security Council at its 229th meeting held on 17 January 1948.
  2. #39 (1948) adopted by the Security Council at its 230th meeting held on 20 January 1948,
  3. #47 (1948) adopted by the Security Council at its 286th meeting held on 21 April 1948,
  4. #51 (1948) adopted by the Security Council at its 312th meeting held on 3 June 1948,
  5. #80 (1950) adopted by the Security Council at its 470th meeting held on 14 March 1950,
  6. #91 (1951) adopted by the Security Council at its 539th meeting held on 30 March 1951,
  7. #96 (1951) adopted by the Security Council at its 566th meeting held on 10 November 1951,
  8. #98 (1952) adopted by the Security Council at its 611th meeting held on 23 December 1952,
  9. #122 (1957) adopted by the Security Council at its 765th meeting held on 24 January 1957,
  10. #123 (1957) adopted by the Security Council at its 774th meeting held on 21 February 1957,
  11. #209 (1965) adopted by the Security Council at its 1237th meeting held on 4 September 1965,
  12. #210 (1965) adopted by the Security Council at its 1238th meeting held on 6 September 1965,
  13. #211 (1965) adopted by the Security Council at its 1242nd meeting held on 20 September 1965,
  14. #214 (1965) adopted by the Security Council at its 1245th meeting held on 27 September 1965,
  15. #215 (1965) adopted by the Security Council at its1251st meeting held on 5 November 1965,
  16. #303 (1971) adopted by the Security Council at its1606th meeting held on 6 December 1971,
  17. #307 (1971) adopted by the Security Council at its 1616th meeting held on 21 December 1971.
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What UN resolutions say about Kashmir issue?

  • The complaint relating to Kashmir was initiated by India in the Security Council;
  • The Council explicitly and by implications, rejected India’s claim that Kashmir is legally Indian territory;
  • The resolutions established self-determination as the governing principal for the settlement of the Kashmir dispute. This is the world body’s commitment to the people of Kashmir;
  • The resolutions endorsed a binding agreement between India and Pakistan reached through the mediation of UNCIP, that a plebiscite would be held, under agreed and specified conditions.