There are several factors that can influence the value of a currency in relation to other currencies which are as following;
Economic factors: The strength and stability of a Country’s economy can play a significant role in determining the value of its currency.
Factors such as inflation, interest rates, and the overall health of a Country’s economy can impact the demand for its currency and, as a result, its exchange rate.
Political factors: Political instability or uncertainty can also affect a currency’s value. This can include things like government instability, political unrest, or uncertainty about the Country’s future direction.
Market sentiment: The overall sentiment of investors and traders in the market can also impact a currency’s value. Positive or negative news or events can influence market sentiment and, in turn, the exchange rate.
Supply and demand: As with any market, the exchange rate for a currency is influenced by the basic laws of supply and demand. If there is more demand for a currency than there is supply, the currency’s value will increase. Conversely, if there is more supply than demand, the currency’s value will decrease.
Central Bank policy: The policies of a Country’s Central Bank can also affect its currency’s value. For example, if a central bank increases interest rates, it may make the Country’s currency more attractive to investors and increase its value.
It’s important to note that these factors can interact with each other in complex ways and that currency values can be difficult to predict with certainty. As a result, exchange rates can be subject to significant fluctuations over time.